Collection of Indian dhals
Indian leather dhals (shields) are typically round but can vary in diameter from 8 inches to 24 inches. The larger sizes were practical for battle. Some shields are strongly convex or curved for extra reinforcement and to help deflect any lance head or arrow. Dhals were generally made from hide, utilising the great variety of animals found in the Indian subcontinent, such as water buffalo, sambar deer or the Indian elephant. However, the rhinoceros was the most prized. Others were made from metal.