The panels are similar to the larger stained-glass figures originally displayed in the entrance hall of the Royal Bath Hotel, which were commissioned from the Gateshead Stained Glass Company, a firm founded by James George Sowerby (1850-1914) and Thomas Ralph Spence (1848-1918).
The stained glass represents the patron saints of the four kingdoms of the British Isles, St George, St Andrew, St Patrick and St David. On the left, St George, patron saint of England, is depicted as about to slay the dragon. His feast day, St George’s Day, is traditionally celebrated on 23 April.
The patron saint of Scotland, St Andrew, is shown as holding a wooden saltire (a wooden cross) on which he was crucified, and so became a Christian martyr.
St Patrick, patron saint of Ireland, is portrayed wearing a bishop’s mitre and holding a crozier, a ceremonial staff, curved like a shepherd’s crook. Above and below the central section are shamrock leaves, which St Patrick used to illustrate the Christian concept of the Holy Trinity.
St David, patron saint of Wales is seen playing a harp. The harp was likely used to differentiate from the image of St. Patrick. The Welsh harp appears in the smaller window above and is quite different to the Irish harp.
These stained glass windows are some of the almost two hundred stained glass panels found throughout the house.